Topic Guide "The 1929 Internacional Exposition of Barcelona"
On the occasion of the holding of the 1929 International Exposition, the city of Barcelona began to carry out a series of urban reforms. Whereas in the Universal Exposition of 1888 the modernisation of Barcelona focused on the Parc de la Ciutadella and its surroundings, in 1929 the mountain of Montjuïc would be the protagonist. As a gateway to the enclosure, two towers were erected that evoked the Campanile di San Marco (Venice).
The social and urban transformation, as well as the ambitious lighting project that took place almost a century ago, required a large economic investment. The Plaça d’Espanya, the Olympic Stadium, the Teatre Grec, the Poble Espanyol, the National Palace and the Magic Fountain are some of the buildings that have their origins in the Exposition. Paradoxically, exhibitions of ephemeral architecture boosted a new urban landscape that ended up being perpetuated.
The Barcelona International Exposition was inaugurated on 19th May, 1929 and came to a close on 15th January, 1930. The Joaquim Folch i Torres Library preserves the mayor’s invitations to the opening and closing ceremonies.
“History of a symbol: the searchlights of the Palau Nacional”
May 14, 2020
Gumà, Montserrat; Esteban, Sandra; Mérida, Marta
“El Palau Nacional, a building steeped in history”
August 4, 2016