1. Carved wood: Some parts of wood that have an architectural, decorative and framing function are carved with cutting tools to plane them down and shape them, and they are usually gilded.
2. Inlay: Ornamental relief on the ground layer, of plaster and animal glue, to which is applied a metal sheet of gold, silver, tin or copper. It imitates embroidery or precious metalwork.
3. Punch marks: A gentle relief printed on a gilt or silver plated surface, obtained by the pressure of iron tools ending in circles, stars, squares, lines, peaks...
4. Rotella: The repeated engraving of a simple figure, such as a small circle or a dot, made with a small wheel, attached to the end of a handle.
The materials and techniques:
5. Zwischgold: Gold leaf on silver leaf, beaten together, that is used to gild marginal areas and thus lower costs.
6. Gold leaf: A very thin lamina that is obtained by craftsmen, called batifullers (goldbeaters), by beating the metal with a hammer. It is used to gild surfaces previously prepared (armenian bole), with a goldcushion, a gold knife and a gilder’s tip.
7. Shell gold: Sheets of gold ground up and mixed with an agglutinant. Like paint, it is applied with a brush. It is used in the decorative motifs of fabrics.