Like many artists, Dufau (1869 – 1937) was a child with a fragile health who spent long periods in bed and very soon showed aptitudes for drawing. She moved with her family to Paris because she wanted to do artistic studies. She had as her teachers illustrious artists such as William Bouguereau and in 1895 she exhibited in the Salon des artistes where she won a prize. From that point on, she started to receive publicity commissions such as this one of the Exhibition of Hanoi (1902).
Her works obtained very good reviews and were received in Parisian intellectual circles at the turn of the century. She even received the commission from the French State to decorate the new University of the Sorbonne. Nevertheless, in the last decades of her life and her figure, she fell into oblivion. In the 90s, her work was rediscovered.