In due course the surface of the sculpture became deformed, the lead lifting up in blisters due to the incompatibility of the two materials. Currentlythere are some otherareaswherethe piecehas already startedthe same process.
In the image,the rakinglightrevealsthemodified areasof lead sheets in the legsandthe neck.
Gargallo created The violinist by soldering and nailing sheets of lead onto a wood core.
The analysis of the white compound that had formed inside some of the sheets of lead confirmed corrosion by carbonatation, a process initiated by the volatile organic compounds emitted by the wood that has worsened over the years.
For studyingthe interiorofThe violinistit was appealedinneutron radiography, a non-destructive techniquecapable of penetratinglead.
The sculpture in front of the neutron tube prior to the radiographc sequence at the Paul Scherrer Institut's NEURA facility in Switzerland.
This project of research was financed by the European Commission by the Seventh Framework Programme, through theAction Plan "Research Infrastructures" of the "Capacities" programme, contract number CPS-CSA_INFRA-2008-1.1.1 Number 226507-NMI3.