To know more about the Gothic art

To know more about the Gothic art

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One of the most brilliant artistic periods of Catalan art.  In the 13th and 14th centuries, the use of colour and the volume of the bodies, characteristic of the artists from Italy and Flanders led to a profound change throughout Europe.  The Romanesque didn’t disappear and lived for a long time beside these new trends.  We can still see its characteristics in the woodcarvings of Sant Bertran de Comenge or the paintings from the workshop of the Master of Soriguerola.

The Italian renovation can be appreciated in the Triptych of Sant Vicenç d’Estopanyà, and in some works from the circle of Ferrer Bassa and the altarpieces by the brothers Serra. In terms of sculpture it can also be seen in the works of Bartomeu de Robió and his circle.  The French connection continues to be current as shown by the work by Jaume Cascalls and the sculptures that emerged from the setting of the workshop of  Rieux.

From 1400 onwards the influences of art arrived in Catalonia from Flanders, from northern Italy, and from the French region of Burgundy.  It is a commitment towards a more refined and realistic style: the international Gothic.  A first example of this trend can be found in the two Mercies from the cathedral choir of Barcelona, the work led by Pere Sanglada. The best works subsequently arrived by Lluís Borrassà, Joan Mates or Bernat Martorell in terms of painting, and Pere Oller and Pere Joan in terms of sculpture.

The increased importance of Valencia as an artistic centre has Gonçal Peris, Lluís Dalmau and Joan Reixac as its main architects.  The Flemish realism of Jan van Eyck is visible in the famous Mare de Déu dels Consellers, by Dalmau. After a period in Valencia, Jaume Huguet settled in Barcelona to consolidate himself as the major Catalan painter from the second half of the 15th century.  There is also a place for contemporary Aragon painting, with notable names as Bonanat Zahortiga, Blasco de Grañén and Pere Garcia de Benavarri. 

The chronological discourse presented by these works includes two thematic spaces.  The first is dedicated to works of secular themes or from civil spaces, such as mural painting of the Conquest of Majorca, from the end of the 18th century.  The protagonist of the second field includes the Gothic funerary sculpture by artists such as Joan de Tournai or Pere Moragues.

The purchase of the Plandiura (1932) (in Spanish) and Muntadas (1956) collections notably enriched the Gothic art collection of the museum, which originates from the first half of the 19th century, with the recuperation and conservation of Catalan heritage, very badly damaged due to the popular revolts (1835) and the Confiscations (1836). To these should be added the donations of José Antonio Bertrand (1970) and Pere Fontana (1976).

Medieval Gòtic - Saber-ne més